scientific name: Rosa×damascene Mill.
Generic name: Flores Rosae
English names: Damask Rose، Bussora rose.
Persian names: Rose flower, Rose flower, Rose flower.
Arabic names: وردا، ورد الاهم.
This plant is ornamental, and in addition to its aromatic effect, many medicinal properties such as anti-HIV, antibacterial, antioxidant, anti-cough, sleep-inducing, anti-diabetic, and relaxation of tracheal chains have been reported for this plant. Currently, this plant is in Iran. (especially in Kashan) is cultivated to prepare rose water and essential oil. The essential oil of this plant is one of the most expensive essential oils in the world market due to the low oil content and lack of natural and artificial alternatives.