The peanut, or monkey nut (UK), also taxonomically known as Arachis hypogaea, is a legume crop grown mainly for its edible seeds. This plant is widely grown in tropical and subtropical regions and is important for small and large commercial producers. The peanut, or monkey nut (UK), also taxonomically known as Arachis hypogaea, is a legume crop grown mainly for its edible seeds. The annual world production of shelled peanuts in 2016 was 44 million tons, with China at the top with 38% of the world total.
Unusually among legume crops, peanut pods grow underground (geocarpy) instead of above ground. Considering this feature, botanist Linnaeus named the species hypogaea, meaning “underground”. As a legume, peanut belongs to the Fabaceae botanical family. It is also known as Leguminosae and is commonly referred to as the bean or pea family. Like most other legumes, peanuts have nitrogen-fixing symbiotic bacteria in their root nodules.
Peanut oil is often used in cooking because of its mild flavor and relatively high smoke point. Due to its high monounsaturated content, it is healthier than saturated oils and is resistant to rancidity.
Aromatic roasted peanut oil, refined peanut oil, extra virgin or cold pressed peanut oil and peanut extract. In the United States, refined peanut oil is exempt from allergen labeling laws.
Peanut butter is a food paste or spread made from ground dry roasted peanuts. It often contains additives that change the taste or texture, such as salt, sweeteners, or emulsifiers. Peanut butter is served as a spread on bread, toast, or crackers, and is used to make sandwiches (especially peanut butter and jelly sandwiches).
It is also used in a number of sweets such as peanut flavored granola bars or croissants and other sweets. The United States is one of the leading exporters of peanut butter and consumes $800 million worth of peanut butter annually.
Peanut flour is used in gluten-free cooking.
Peanuts with kernels removed